The McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Improvement Act, signed into law on July 22, 1987 and reauthorized on January 6, 2003 provides comprehensive federal emergency and long-term assistance to homeless persons.  Title X, Subtitle C of the Act, Education of Homeless Children and Youth, establishes appropriate public education, including a public preschool education that would be provided to children of the residents of the state and are consistent with the state school attendance laws.  It further provides that residency requirements as a component of compulsory school attendance laws, regulations, practices and procedures, be reviewed and steps undertaken to ensure that these laws do not prohibit children and youth from school attendance.  The law states that homelessness alone is not reason to separate students from the mainstream school environment.  Homeless children and youth should have access to the education and other services that such children and youth need to ensure that such children and youth have the opportunity to meet the same challenging state student academic achievement standards to which all students are held.
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